International students pay up to 400 per cent more than Australians when it comes to higher education. The reason, according to former neuroscientist Peter Osborne, has nothing to do with taxes and everything to do with enforcing national privilege.
A university education, a basic science or arts degree. What is it for?
Is it to give you a job? This once-upon-a-time truth is outdated by at least a generation; perhaps it’s not that simple now, a little more nuanced.
Let me cherry pick some excerpts from the introductory messages that preface some Australian university websites.
Melbourne University marketing materials boast of ‘educating tomorrow’s leaders’ and breaking ‘new ground in solving the world’s grand challenges through research, and strengthen communities near and afar’.
In the 2013 Sydney University International Undergraduate Guide, Dr Michael Spence, vice chancellor and principal, said, ‘We aim to create a university where the brightest researchers and the most promising students can thrive, no matter what their social or cultural background. Realise your full potential at the University of Sydney—together we can make a difference’.
Meanwhile, as a University of Queensland student, ‘you will have every opportunity to excel in learning, and in life’. Among its offerings, UQ boasts a ‘comprehensive range of programs, world class learning environments, state-of-the-art facilities, and amazing experiences outside the lecture theatre’.
I could continue, but I think you are starting to see the picture projected by these universities’ PR teams. The emphasis of these messages seems to be less on jobs and more on imparting the knowledge that these are great institutions and you too can become great by association. It all sounds very inspirational and humanitarian, and well suited to the name ‘higher education’.
But let me make reference to some facts from the Australian Government Higher Education Statistics.
In 2012, a total of 299,474 students graduated from Australian universities, and roughly a third of these were overseas students.
It is great to see so many overseas students making their way to Australia, successfully battling through the headwinds of language, culture and financing to study at and graduate from Australia’s world class universities.
My concern is that we don’t treat these students as equals. From the very outset they are not equal: despite their fine words, these universities charge overseas students significantly more to study than Australian nationals.
At Melbourne, Sydney and Queensland universities a basic science degree costs an Australian student about $8,500 per annum. This same degree costs overseas students about $35,500 per annum, or about 400 per cent of the price an Australian student pays.
Why is this? Is it even legal? Let’s look at the question of legality first.
Under Australian consumer law, it is a proprietor’s right to set prices and terms and conditions as long as the selection criteria and total price are prominently displayed.
Legally speaking, then, it doesn’t constitute discrimination to charge overseas students more money. But to me it certainly seems like a moral dilemma, and it illustrates nicely that money and education make strange bed fellows.
How do we justify charging overseas students more? The general consensus seems to be that overseas students pay more because they don’t pay Australian taxes, which contribute to universities.
If the universities were newly built and education was free, then I could see the validity of some aspects of this utilitarian argument. But Australian universities are well-established. Also, university education in Australia is definitely not free and gets less free every year.
Not to mention the fact that overseas students pay taxes to enter Australia. They pay taxes on their incomes in Australia. Overseas students pay taxes on everything they buy, be it food, a car, a house or a textbook.
If universities have the right to charge a higher price to overseas students because they are not Australian, then why is this pricing pattern not more consistently enforced? Non-Australians could pay more for government services such as electricity, water and public transport.
If we are going to be egregious nationalistic opportunists, then let’s be consistent and blatantly charge all foreigners in Australia more for everything and inject the money generated back into Australian economy to lower the cost of everything. After all, every industry has ongoing costs.
I hope readers will recognise that I am being facetious here.
The very noble, but unattainable, UN Human Rights Charter lists education as a basic human right. Disgracefully, the very first lesson learned by overseas students attending many of Australia’s world ranking universities is that they are not an equal; economically we drum home the message of national privilege.
At present our best universities seem content to charge non-Australian students from countries with much lower per capita incomes about four times more to study in Australia. In another breath these universities are happy to espouse the benefits of being in a multinational, multicultural learning environment.
Big education is big business. But in this global economy, all students need to be respected as people making an effort to better themselves towards an uncertain future. This is true for Australian students, and probably truer for overseas students. In some Asian countries, domestic and overseas students pay the same tuition fees. Is there a lesson in humanitarianism we are missing in the teaching of higher education?
Our national anthem says Advance Australia Fair, though I’m left to wonder whether fare might be a more apt spelling.
This is an edited version of Dr Peter Osborne’s comments on Ockham’s Razor.
published on :http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/ockhamsrazor/why-are-international-students-charged-high-fees/6908188